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28.03.2011 Mongolia Trademarks Filling Trade mark in Mongolia EB


In Mongolia , the use of a trademark is not a prerequisite for filing an application for the registration of a trademark. Unregistered marks are not protected under the Trademark Act, although the owner of a well-known or famous mark is given some protection under the Trademark Act by way of preventing others from obtaining a trademark registration for an identical or similar mark.

A. Filing a Trademark Application in Mongolia, Terms and Rules

1. Definition of Applicant:

Any person who uses or intends to use a trademark in Mongolia may file a trademark application.

2. Documents Required:

For a trademark application, the following documents should be submitted to the

Intellectual Property Office of Mongolia (IPOM):

a) An application stating the following: the name and address of the applicant (including the name of an executive officer, if the applicant is a corporation or legal entity and the notarized copy of business license; the trademark; the designated goods and class thereof; the date of submission; and the country and filing date of the priority application, if the right of priority is

claimed. These documents must be submitted at the time of filing the trademark application. Yet, the name of an executive officer of the applicant may be added later on the applicant's own initiative or in response to a notice of amendment issued by the IPOM.

b) Ten (10) - white and black and fifteen (15) - color specimens of the trademark

(7cm x 5cm or smaller in size) must be submitted. If the applicant fails to submit /notarization/ specimens of the trademark or power of attorney at the time of filing the trademark application, the IPOM will issue a notice of amendment requesting the applicant to submit them and will set a dateline for this request.

c) If the applicant wants to get domination date, they need to send copy of their native country's certificate.

d) If the right of priority is claimed, the priority document must be submitted within specific months from the filing date. This time limit cannot be extended.

3. Designation of Goods/Services followed by Nice Classification

A person who desires to file a trademark application in Mongolia must designate the goods/services on which the trademark is to be used in accordance with the Nice Classification of Goods or Services for the Purpose of Registration of Marks.

A trademark application may be filed for the registration of trademark for goods or services which fall under several classes in accordance with the Nice Classification. In this case, the applicant has to pay additional fees for each classification.

4. Power of Attorney.

Power of attorney will be signed by applicant and notarization is not required.

B. Substantial Examination

Unlike patent or utility model applications, trademark applications are automatically examined in the order of their filing date. No request for examination is needed for the initiation of substantial examination. Furthermore, the Trademark Act does not provide for the expedited

examination system which is available for other applications like patent, utility model and design.

1. Requirement for Registration.

For a trademark to be registered under the Trademark Act, it should meet the following requirements:

a) It should fall under the definition of a trademark prescribed in the Trademark Act;

b) It should be distinctive so as to serve as an indication of goods or services or, if it is not

inherently distinctive, it should have acquired a secondary meaning;

c) It should not fall into any of the categories of unregistrable trademark prescribed in the

Trademark Act.

In addition to the reason for rejection, an opposition against the application can be filed by the owner of a trademark registered in the territory of a member country of a treaty to which Mongolia has acceded, if both the trademark and the designated goods of the application are

identical with, or similar to, those of the foreign trademark registration and if the application is filed by a person who is, or used to be, an agent or a representative of the owner of the registered trademark within 1 year prior to the filing date of the application concerned, without obtaining the authorization or consent from the owner of the registered trademark.

C. Renewal

The duration of the protection of a trademark right is 10 years from the date of registration of the trademark and may be renewed every 10 years. For the renewal of a trademark registration, a renewal application needs to be filed with the IPOM. Once a renewal application has been duly filed, the trademark registration is deemed to have been renewed on the expiration date of the original registration.

D. Protection of Foreign Well-Known Trademarks in Mongolia

1. Regardless of whether or not they are registered under the Trademark Act, well-known or famous marks are protected by way of barring the registration of a mark which is identical with, or similar to, such marks. A trademark application filed by a person other than the owner of the famous mark will be rejected; and, if the registration is erroneously granted, it will be subject to invalidation.

2. Even if goods and/or service concerning a trademark application are not identical with or similar to those of a well-known trademark, the application shall be refused due to the possibility of misleading the consumers about the origin of goods or services. Furthermore, an interested party may request a trial or invalidation of registration of such a trademark if it has been registered.

3. In addition to the Mongolian Trademark Act, the Unfair Competition Prevention Act also provides the protection of well-known trademarks. Any person who is, or is likely to be, injured by acts of unfair competition such as acts causing confusion with another person's goods or business facilities by using an indication identical with or similar to another person's name, trade name or marks, including well-known trademarks, may bring a civil action before the court seeking an injunctive relief, monetary damage and/or restoration of injured business reputation or goodwill. The Act also set forth criminal provisions for trademark violations

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